Study #4: Stephen’s Witness and Death
(Modified from Intervarsity)
*What do you think was the cost for proclaiming the gospel of Jesus Christ in the first century?
What is the potential cost in your life or in your family?
- Read Acts 6:1–8. What words are used here to characterize Stephen [verses 3, 5, 8]?
- Now read verses 9–15. Compare the way Stephen’s opponents handled the “problem” that they had (Stephen’s powerful preaching) with the way the believers in verses 1–8 handled the problem of food distribution.
- Why do you think the activities of Stephen and the church aroused opposition [verses 7–8]?
What led Stephen’s opponents to resort to deception [verse 10]?
Why do you think Luke mentions in verse 15 that Stephen’s face was “like the face of an angel”?
- What are the prevalent attitudes of your neighbours(non-believers) toward the gospel of Jesus Christ?
Do the things Christians do and preach arouse opposition? Why or why not?
- Read Acts 7:1–50, which records Stephen’s defense against the charges of the Jewish ruling council, the Sanhedrin. Please summarize the central point of Stephen’s speech.
[By tracing God’s calling and promise through the patriarchs, Stephen demonstrates that it is the religious establishment—not the Christian community—that misunderstands the temple and the law of Moses. He draws the distinction between God’s faithful prophets and those who rejected them. He identifies Christians as God’s truly faithful people and the religious leaders as being opposed to God.]
- Read Acts 7:51–60. In what ways are Stephen’s opponents just like their ancestors [verses 51–52]? What is the irony of verse 53? As this story unfolds, why do Stephen’s opponents become so hostile? How does Stephen respond?
- Read 8:1–4. How did the purposes of Stephen’s persecutors contribute to the mission of the church [verse 4]? What does this say about God?
Compare the message of salvation in Jesus Christ to the conventional wisdom on your neighbours (non-believers). Do you see any evidence of hostility or suspicion toward the gospel? In what ways does your behavior affect the credibility of your witness (both positively and negatively)?